Top 10 Highest Mountains in the World
It is very difficult to measure the height with such precise accuracy while dividing line among a mountain with several peaks therefore due to this problem another method to provide most accurate measurement is available which is called topographic prominence. The world’s tallest mountains are some of the most majestic and beautiful things that one can be blessed enough to witness in their lifetime. Here is the list of top ten Highest Mountains in the World.
Top 10 Highest Mountains in the World
Annapurna is a section of the Himalayas in north-central Nepal. Annapurna is a series of peaks, the highest of which is called Annapurna I, which is the tenth highest mountain in the world. It is located in central Nepal and is approximately 26,545 feet (8,091 meters) tall. The Annapurna Conservation Area is home to several world-class treks, including the Annapurna Circuit. Annapurna is a Sanskrit name which literally means “full of food”, but is normally translated as Goddess of the Harvests.
9. Nanga Parbat
Nanga Parbat is the world’s ninth tallest mountain and stands at about 26,660 feet (8,126 meters) in height. Nanga Parbat is one of the eight-thousanders, with a summit elevation of 8,126 metres (26,660 ft). An immense, dramatic peak rising far above its surrounding terrain, Nanga Parbat is also a notoriously difficult climb. Nanga Parbat has tremendous vertical relief over local terrain in all direction. Nanga Parbat is one of only two peaks on Earth that rank in the top twenty of both the highest mountains in the world, and the most prominent peaks in the world, ranking ninth and fourteenth respectively.
Manaslu (Nepali also known as Kutang) is the eighth highest mountain in the world at 8,163 metres (26,781 ft) above sea level. It is located in the Mansiri Himal, part of the Nepalese Himalayas, in the west-central part of Nepal. The Manaslu region offers a variety of trekking options. The popular Manaslu trekking route of 177 kilometres (110 mi), skirts the Manaslu massif over the pass down to Annapurna.
Dhaulagiri I is the seventh highest mountain in the world at 8,167 metres (26,795 ft) above sea level. It was first climbed on May 13, 1960 by a Swiss/Austrian/Nepali expedition. The Dhaulagiri massif in Nepal extends 120 km (70 mi) from the Kaligandaki River west to the Bheri. The mountain name is napali. Looking north from the plains of India, most 8,000-meter peaks are obscured by nearer mountains, but in clear weather Dhaulagiri I is conspicuous from northern Bihar and as far south as Gorakhpur in Uttar Pradesh.
6. Cho Oyu
Cho Oyu is the sixth highest mountain in the world at 8,201 metres (26,906 ft) above sea level. The mountain is the westernmost major peak of the Khumbu sub-section of the Mahalangur Himalaya 20 km west of Mount Everest. The mountain stands on the China-Nepal border. The mountain was first climbed on October 19, 1954, via the north-west ridge by Herbert Tichy, Joseph Jöchler and Sherpa Pasang Dawa Lama of an Austrian expedition. Cho Oyu was the fifth 8000 metre peak to be climbed, after Annapurna in June 1950, Mount Everest in May 1953, Nanga Parbat in July 1953 and K2 in July 1954.
Makalu is the fifth highest mountain in the world at 8,481 metres (27,825 ft) and is located 19 km (12 mi) southeast of Mount Everest, on the border between Nepal and China. The first climb on Makalu was made by an American team led by William Siri in the spring of 1954. Makalu has two notable subsidiary peaks. One of the eight-thousanders, Makalu is an isolated peak whose shape is a four-sided pyramid.
Lhotse is the fourth highest mountain on Earth and is connected to Everest via the South Col. Lhotse means “South Peak” in Tibetan. In addition to the main summit at 8,516 metres (27,940 ft) above sea level, the mountain comprises the smaller peaks Lhotse Middle (East) at 8,414 m (27,605 ft), and Lhotse Shar at 8,383 m (27,503 ft). They were beaten back by unexpectedly strong wind and cold temperatures. Lhotse is considered as one of the highest mountains in the world.
Kanchenjunga, is the third highest mountain in the world, and lies partly in Nepal and partly in Sikkim, India. Kangchenjunga was first climbed on 25 May 1955 by Joe Brown and George Band, who were part of a British expedition. Kangchenjunga is the second highest peak of the Himalaya after Mount Everest. The main peak of Kangchenjunga is the highest mountain in India and the second highest in Nepal. It rises with an elevation of 8,586 m (28,169 ft) in a section of the Himalayas called Kangchenjunga.
K2 is the second-highest mountain on Earth, after Mount Everest. It is located on the border between Baltistan, in the Gilgit–Baltistan region of Pakistan, and the Taxkorgan Tajik Autonomous County of Xinjiang, China. K2 is the highest point of the Karakoram range and the highest point in Pakistan. K2 is known as the Savage Mountain due to the extreme difficulty of ascent. With around 300 successful summits and 80 fatalities, about one person dies on the mountain for every four who summit. The name K2 is derived from the notation used by the Great Trigonometric Survey of British India.
1. Mount Everest
Mount Everest, also known in Nepal as Sagarmāthā and in Tibet as Chomolungma, is the greatest of Earth’s highest mountains. It is located in the Mahalangur mountain range in Nepal and Tibet. Its peak is 8,848 metres (29,029 ft) above sea level. The international border between China and Nepal runs across Everest’s precise summit point. In 1856, the Great Trigonometrical Survey of India established the first published height of Everest, then known as Peak XV, at 8,840 m (29,002 ft). The current official height of 8,848 m (29,029 ft) as recognised by China and Nepal was established by a 1955 Indian survey and subsequently confirmed by a Chinese survey in 1975.